PRIOR

PRIOR
PRIOR
in Chartis Dalmaticis, nomen Magistratus, a quo pleraeque civitates Croatiae et Dalmatiae regebantur, qui postmodum Comitis appellatione donatus est, Lucius de Regno Dalmatiae, l. 2. c. 8. 16. et l. 3. c. 12. Ab Italis autem Dalmatae id hauserunt; quibus Priori praecipuos esse Magistratus, discimus ex Ioanne Villaneo l. 1. c. 38. et l. 9. c. 77. Certe Priorem Civitatis, habent Liberatus Diaconus, c. 23. Senator. l. 1. Ep. 26. Alii. Et Prioratum, hanc dignitatem vocat Inscr. in Aede S. Nicolai Barensis, Tempore Regis W. et Prioratus Domini Nicolai Corbelli Primicerii an. D. N. I. C. 1188. apud Antonium Beatillum Histor. Bar. l. 2. laudatum Car. du Fresne in Glossar. Sic Prior loci, Dominus est eius seu senior, in L. Wisigoth. l. 9. tit. 1. §. 8. In Ecclesia Romana, idem nomen pro Abbate occurrit crebro, in Regula benedictinorum. Item pro eo, qui primus est post Abbatem, et alias Praepositus dicitur, de cuius officio sic Lantrancus, in Decretis pro ordine S. Bened. c. 3. Servatâ Abbati in omnibus reverentiâ, Prior, qui et Praepositus, in Regulal???nominatur, honorabilior est reliquis Ministris domus Dei. Ipse solus coeterorum ministroram primum suae partis locum habet in Chero, in Capitulo, in Refectorio etc. Sed hanc vocis notionem posterioris aevi esse, et demum Caelestini V. tempore innotuisse, annotant Viri Docti. Vide supra, in voce Desanus. In eadem, Prior maior dicitur, qui Abbatis absentis vices gerit, ita tamen ut Oboedientiarios in stituere non possit, aut deponere, nec quemquam de Monasterio eicere, aut eiectum recipere etc. Ad eius quoque sfficium pertinet, tam praesente, quam absente Abbate, cymbalum pulsare, et tabulam ad laborem, et monitum in Dormitorio, et corrigere mendas legentium in Ecclesia et in Capitulo etc. Vide Udalricum Consuet. Cluniac. l. 3. c. 4. Uti autem hic Abbatis, sic Prior Claustri vel Claustralis eius Vicarius est, qui in Claustro iugiter manet, absente Abbate et magnô Priore, et pondus totius Ordinis portat, ut habet Bernardus in Consuetud. Cluniac. c. 4. et udalricus, l. 3. c. 6. ubi plura de eius officio. Casinenses, ad c. 65. Regulae, Praepositus Monasterii, secundum morem nostrum Prior Claustralis vocatur. Cui Priorissa respondet, in Claustris Sanctimonialium etc. Ipsum vero officium Prioratus dicitur, dignitas praecipua in Monasterio, apud Gregorium M. l. 4. Ep. 4. Quamvis hôc nomine etiam aliquando veniat. Oboedientia, seu minus Benesicium, a maiori Monasterio dependens, de cudusmodi Prioratuum origine supra aliquid dictum est, in voce Oboedientia. Porro in eadem Communione Prior Scholae, dicitur primus in Schola Cantorum, qui primus, dum sacra facit Pontifex, Antiphonam ad Introitum in cipit, ut est in Ordine Roman, Vide supra in Caput Scholae. Qui omnes appellationem inde traxêre, quod apud Romanos, seriore aevô, Prioes Officii dicti sunt, qui primi erant in suo quisque officio, alias Primates quoque, et Principes Officii, de quibus diximus. Sic Priores Scrinit, Cod. theod. de prox. Com. dispos. qui alias Proximi, item in Capite Scrinii constituti dicuntur, l. 11. eod. tit. etc. Salmas. ad Trebellium Pollion. in Gallienis, c. 17.

Hofmann J. Lexicon universale. 1698.

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  • Prior — • A monastic superior. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Prior     Prior     † Catholic Encyc …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • prior — pri‧or [ˈpraɪə ǁ praɪr] adjective [only before a noun] coming before something is finally decided, agreed etc: • Most firms require prior approval of analysts personal trades before selling stock to them. • Sales are expected to be $62 million,… …   Financial and business terms

  • Prior — Pri or, n. [OE. priour, OF. priour, prior, priur, F. prieur, from L. prior former, superior. See {Prior}, a.] 1. (Eccl.) The superior of a priory, and next below an abbot in dignity. [1913 Webster] 2. a chief magistrate, as in the republic of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Prior — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Prior, del latín prior = el primero, es un puesto en algunos monasterios y conventos. Se puede referir al representante del abad en los monasterios que lo tengan (abadía). Este es el caso de los monasterios de las… …   Wikipedia Español

  • prior — pri·or / prī ər/ adj 1: earlier in time or order 2: taking precedence (as in importance) a prior lien Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • prior — Ⅰ. prior [1] ► ADJECTIVE ▪ existing or coming before in time, order, or importance. ● prior to Cf. ↑prior to ORIGIN Latin, former, elder . Ⅱ. prior …   English terms dictionary

  • Prior — Sm Klostervorstand per. Wortschatz fach. (13. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. prior, eigentlich der Erste, Vordere , Komparativ neben dem Superlativ l. prīmus erster .    Ebenso nndl. prior, ne. prior, nfrz. prieur, nschw. prior, nisl. príor. ✎… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Prior — Pri or, a. [L. prior former, previous, better, superior; compar. corresponding to primus first, and pro for. See {Former}, and cf. {Prime}, a., and {Pre }, {Pro }.] 1. Preceding in the order of time; former; antecedent; anterior; previous; as, a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Prior — Prior: Die Bezeichnung für »Klosteroberer; Klostervorsteher« wurde in mhd. Zeit (mhd. prior) aus gleichbed. mlat. prior (eigentlich »der Vordere; der dem Rang nach höher Stehende«) entlehnt, dem substantivierten lat. prior »Ersterer; eher,… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • prior — [prī′ər] adj. [L, former, superior, compar. of OL pri, before: see PRIME] 1. preceding in time; earlier; previous; former 2. preceding in order or importance; preferred [a prior choice] n. [ME < OE & OFr, both < ML(Ec), a prior < L: see… …   English World dictionary

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